greenthread – Green Thread Implementation

eventlet.greenthread.sleep(seconds=0)

Yield control to another eligible coroutine until at least seconds have elapsed.

seconds may be specified as an integer, or a float if fractional seconds are desired. Calling sleep() with seconds of 0 is the canonical way of expressing a cooperative yield. For example, if one is looping over a large list performing an expensive calculation without calling any socket methods, it’s a good idea to call sleep(0) occasionally; otherwise nothing else will run.

eventlet.greenthread.spawn(func, *args, **kwargs)

Create a greenthread to run func(*args, **kwargs). Returns a GreenThread object which you can use to get the results of the call.

Execution control returns immediately to the caller; the created greenthread is merely scheduled to be run at the next available opportunity. Use spawn_after() to arrange for greenthreads to be spawned after a finite delay.

eventlet.greenthread.spawn_n(func, *args, **kwargs)

Same as spawn(), but returns a greenlet object from which it is not possible to retrieve either a return value or whether it raised any exceptions. This is faster than spawn(); it is fastest if there are no keyword arguments.

If an exception is raised in the function, spawn_n prints a stack trace; the print can be disabled by calling eventlet.debug.hub_exceptions() with False.

eventlet.greenthread.kill(g, *throw_args)

Terminates the target greenthread by raising an exception into it. Whatever that greenthread might be doing; be it waiting for I/O or another primitive, it sees an exception right away.

By default, this exception is GreenletExit, but a specific exception may be specified. throw_args should be the same as the arguments to raise; either an exception instance or an exc_info tuple.

Calling kill() causes the calling greenthread to cooperatively yield.

eventlet.greenthread.spawn_after(seconds, func, *args, **kwargs)

Spawns func after seconds have elapsed. It runs as scheduled even if the current greenthread has completed.

seconds may be specified as an integer, or a float if fractional seconds are desired. The func will be called with the given args and keyword arguments kwargs, and will be executed within its own greenthread.

The return value of spawn_after() is a GreenThread object, which can be used to retrieve the results of the call.

To cancel the spawn and prevent func from being called, call GreenThread.cancel() on the return value of spawn_after(). This will not abort the function if it’s already started running, which is generally the desired behavior. If terminating func regardless of whether it’s started or not is the desired behavior, call GreenThread.kill().

eventlet.greenthread.spawn_after_local(seconds, func, *args, **kwargs)

Spawns func after seconds have elapsed. The function will NOT be called if the current greenthread has exited.

seconds may be specified as an integer, or a float if fractional seconds are desired. The func will be called with the given args and keyword arguments kwargs, and will be executed within its own greenthread.

The return value of spawn_after() is a GreenThread object, which can be used to retrieve the results of the call.

To cancel the spawn and prevent func from being called, call GreenThread.cancel() on the return value. This will not abort the function if it’s already started running. If terminating func regardless of whether it’s started or not is the desired behavior, call GreenThread.kill().

class eventlet.greenthread.GreenThread(parent)

The GreenThread class is a type of Greenlet which has the additional property of being able to retrieve the return value of the main function. Do not construct GreenThread objects directly; call spawn() to get one.

cancel(*throw_args)

Kills the greenthread using kill(), but only if it hasn’t already started running. After being canceled, all calls to wait() will raise throw_args (which default to greenlet.GreenletExit).

kill(*throw_args)

Kills the greenthread using kill(). After being killed all calls to wait() will raise throw_args (which default to greenlet.GreenletExit).

Set up a function to be called with the results of the GreenThread.

The function must have the following signature:

def func(gt, [curried args/kwargs]):

When the GreenThread finishes its run, it calls func with itself and with the curried arguments supplied at link-time. If the function wants to retrieve the result of the GreenThread, it should call wait() on its first argument.

Note that func is called within execution context of the GreenThread, so it is possible to interfere with other linked functions by doing things like switching explicitly to another greenthread.

remove linked function set by link()

Remove successfully return True, otherwise False

wait()

Returns the result of the main function of this GreenThread. If the result is a normal return value, wait() returns it. If it raised an exception, wait() will raise the same exception (though the stack trace will unavoidably contain some frames from within the greenthread module).